Welcome to our blog post on Common Lily Plant Pests! Lilys are extraordinary garden additions with their attractive blooms and multiple varieties. Still, like any plant, they are prone to a range of common pests that can hinder their beauty and health. This blog post aims to discuss 10 of the most common lily pests, including their symptoms, treatments, prevention, and management. So, buckle up to explore the lily plants’ ten most common pests.
Important Points for Beginners to Identify and Manage Pests in Lily Plants
- Identifying the pest: The first step is identifying the pest infesting your lily plant so that you can approach it with the most effective control method.
- Regular Monitoring: Monitor your lily plants regularly for signs of pests. This will help you to identify an infestation early when it is easier to control.
- Sanitation: Remove the infected plant debris and burn them.
- Natural Control: Several natural control methods can help to manage pests. These include plant extracts, essential oils, predators, and organic insecticides.
- Chemical Control: If natural controls are ineffective, use insecticides as a last resort, and follow the label instructions and dosage carefully.
10 Common Lily Plant Damaging Pests
Aphid Pest in Lily Plant
- Damage Symptoms by Myzus persicae: Aphids feed on the plant’s sap and inject toxic saliva, giving a puckered or deformed appearance. Infested plants exhibit leaf wilting, drooping, chlorosis, and flower distortion. Aphids excrete sugary honeydew while feeding, promoting the growth of black sooty mold.
- Favorable Conditions: Aphids prefer warm temperatures and high humidity of 20-30°C and >75% humidity for survival and reproduction. They prefer plants with tender, succulent growth, such as young shoots and leaves, as they provide a nutrient-rich sap.
- Treatment, Maintenance, and Control Measures: Spray bifenthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, malathion, diazinon, clothianidin, imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam, carbaryl, and methomyl.
Thrips Pest in Lily Plant
- Damage Symptoms by Thrips simplex: Thrips can feed on the surface of lily bulbs and leaves, causing silvering or bronzing of the outer scales and giving a mottled or speckled appearance on leaves. Infested plants show distorted growth, scarring on petals, and deformed flowers.
- Favorable Conditions: Thrips prefer warm and humid environments of 20-30°C for survival and reproduction. Dense vegetation, stressed plants, and poor air circulation provide hiding places and shelter for thrips.
- Treatment, Maintenance, and Control Measures: Spray imidacloprid, acetamiprid, malathion, chlorpyrifos, bifenthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, spinosad, fenoxycarb, and pyriproxyfen. Avoid overcrowding and follow proper plant spacing.
Lily Leaf Moth Pest in Lily Plant
- Damage Symptoms by Polytela gloriosa: The moths feed on the leaves of lily plants and skeletonize them, giving the leaves a tattered or lace-like appearance. Infected plants show frass droppings, defoliation, and stunted growth.
- Favorable Conditions: Moths prefer moderate temperatures and humid climates of 15-27°C and >50% humidity for survival and reproduction. Dense plantations, poor airflow, and plant stresses provide a conducive environment for the pest.
- Treatment, Maintenance, and Control Measures: Spray bifenthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and spinosad. Spray Bt-based insecticides, such as Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk), to kill the moths.
Lily Bulb Mite Pest in Lily Plant
- Damage Symptoms by Rhizoglyphus echinopus: Bulb Mite infestations can form necrotic lesions on the bulb’s surface and distorted bulbs. The affected leaves show wilting, chlorosis, reduced flowering, and stunted growth.
- Favorable Conditions: Bulb mites prefer warm and humid environments of 25-30°C and >70% humidity for survival and reproduction. They prefer sandy or loamy soil with good drainage, organic matter, and plant debris. Overcrowding and lack of airflow favor mite reproduction and spread.
- Treatment, Maintenance, and Control Measures: Spray bifenthrin, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, abamectin, spiromesifen, etoxazole, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam. Soak the bulbs in water heated to 43°C for 30 minutes. Release predatory mites, such as Hypoaspis miles, to control the bulb mites.