Do you know what greasy swine disease is? A prevalent skin condition that impacts pigs and swine may not sound pleasant. If not correctly handled, this disease, also known as exudative Dermatitis, can seriously harm pig herds. Understanding the signs, causes, prognosis, and management of exudative Dermatitis is crucial for swine farmers. Let’s check out Exudative Dermatitis (greasy pig disease) management in Pig/Swine.
Pigs with exudative Dermatitis develop skin sores, scabs, and oily skin. These symptoms can worsen over time, causing discomfort and, in extreme circumstances, even mortality. Exudative Dermatitis can have a variety of causes, but environmental variables, diet, and genetics are all possible offenders. It’s critical to identify the risk factors for the disease’s onset and take action to manage and avoid it.
Pigs with exudative Dermatitis can be treated with topical medications, antibiotics, and nutritional modifications. It is crucial to know the advantages and disadvantages of each treatment choice and when to use them. Preventing the disease from spreading to swine farms is also possible. Sanitation, a healthy diet, and pig pen overcrowding are examples. Pig herds must handle exudative Dermatitis for productivity and health.
Disease tracking and testing prevent outbreaks and ensure early intervention. Pig farmers need to have to prevent the disease. This blog article will delve deeper into the signs, causes, care, management, and prevention of exudative Dermatitis in pigs. You can contribute to ensuring the health and well-being of your pig herd by comprehending this disease. So let’s get going!
Exudative Dermatitis (Greasy Pig Disease) Management in Pig/Swine
Causes of Exudative Dermatitis (Greasy Pig Disease) Disease in Pig/Swine
Exudative Dermatitis, also called Greasy Pig Disease, is a bacterial skin infection in pigs. Bacteria commonly found on the skin of swine, Staphylococcus hyicus, is the primary cause of the disease. In contrast to other pig skin diseases, exudative Dermatitis is non-irritant, making it simple to diagnose clinically.
The disease can manifest in various ways, from localized lesions to systemic infection. It can affect pigs of all ages, from shortly after delivery to maturity. Exudative Dermatitis is one of the most prevalent skin diseases in pigs and, if not adequately managed, can significantly impact pig health and productivity.
Disease Cycle of Exudative Dermatitis (Greasy Pig Disease) Disease
The disease cycle of Exudative Dermatitis begins with introduction of the Staphylococcus hyicus bacteria onto the pig’s skin. This can occur through contaminated equipment or personnel or from inapparent carriers in the herd. Abrasions or lacerations on the pig’s skin allow the bacteria to colonize and produce exfoliative toxins, leading to lesions. Piglets are most commonly and severely affected, with cross-infection occurring after mixing at weaning. Resistance to the disease increases with age, and mature sows can protect piglets via their colostrum.
What are the Symptoms of Exudative Dermatitis (Greasy Pig Disease) Disease?
- Inactivity and skin reddening in one or more infants in the litter.
- Rapid depression and refusal to eat.
- Increase in body temperature early on.
- Thickening of the skin with reddish-brown spots around eyes, nose, lips, and ears
- Exudation of serum and sebum from lesions, which become vesicular or pustular
- Moist, greasy exudate covers the body, becoming crusty and black with accumulated dirt.
- Involvement of feet with erosions at the coronary band and heel and possible shedding of the hoof.
- The chronic form is seen as thick, crusty