The Rose Termite, Odontotermes obesus, belonging to the Family Termitidae of the Order Blattodea, is a highly destructive pest that causes significant yield losses and reduces the quality of crops worldwide. They are commonly known as White ants. Rose crops are particularly vulnerable to the destructive nature of the Rose Termite Pest. It is a destructive pest because it can reproduce and establish large populations quickly, making it difficult to control the pest.
Effective management strategies are essential to minimize the impact of this pest on rose production. To effectively manage this pest, it is necessary to understand its life cycle, its preferred habitats, and the best methods for controlling it. This article will provide an overview and discussion of the Rose Termite Pest in Rose crops, including its symptoms, identification techniques, and control.
Rose Termite Pest Management
Life Cycle of Termite Pest in Rose Crop
The life cycle of the Rose Termite pest has six stages. They are egg, nymph, worker, soldier, alate, and queen. The lifecycle of the Rose Termite begins when the female lays eggs in the soil or a protected area near the food source. The eggs hatch after 14 to 21 days, depending on the temperature and humidity levels. The hatched eggs give rise to nymphs, which go through several stages, shedding their skin each time they molt. During the nymph stage, the termites remain underground and feed on the roots of the rose plant.
As the nymphs continue to develop, they reach the worker stage. The worker’s caste is the most numerous and is responsible for feeding the colony and building the nest. They also carry out the maintenance and cleaning of the nest. Some of the workers develop into soldiers, larger and stronger than the workers. They use large, strong mandibles to defend the colony against predators.
After a few months, the colony produces alates, reproductive termites. They leave the colony and fly out, searching for a mate and a suitable location to start a new colony. If the alates successfully mate and find a suitable location, they shed their wings and act as the queen and king of a new colony. The queen is the largest one in the colony and is responsible for laying eggs. It can lay up to 10,000 eggs in a day.
Occurrence of Termite Pest in Rose Crop
- Location of Rose Termite Pest: This pest infests Rose crops in India, Africa, Sri Lanka, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, the United States, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, the Philippines, and Australia.
- Host Range: The Rose Termite pest infects crops like Rose, Sugarcane, Tea, Cotton, Maize, Banana, and Coconut.
Factors Favoring the Population Increase of Termite Pest in Rose Crop
- Climate – The pest thrives in warm and humid weather conditions as they can reproduce rapidly and develop large colonies.
- Poor Soil Quality – The termites can survive in soils that are low in nutrients and have poor drainage.
- Overcrowding – Pests can easily spread from one plant to another, leading to widespread infestations.
- Poor Management Practices – Poor plant management practices, such as using contaminated tools and improper sanitation, can lead to termite infestation.
Identification of Termite Pest in Rose Crop
- Egg: The eggs are small, white, and oval-shaped, laid in clusters.
- Nymph: The nymphs are small, white, and soft-bodied.
- Adult: The adults have wings and are dark brown or black.