White Spot Disease Management in Shrimp (Prawn): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Control, and Prevention

Shrimp (prawn) farming is an aquaculture company that is growing quickly. It involves growing shrimp in artificial ponds or tanks for sale. Shrimp is a popular type of seafood that is eaten all over the world. Shrimp farming involves putting in young shrimp, feeding them and watching how they grow, and then taking out the full-grown shrimp to sell. There are different ways to farm shrimp, such as extensive, semi-intensive, and intensive methods.

White Spot Disease Management in Shrimp (Prawn)

There have been some problems, like disease outbreaks and environmental damage, but improvements in technology and management have made shrimp farming more efficient and sustainable. The white-spot disease, which is driven on by infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites, has produced severe losses for the shrimp farming business. Unhealthy environmental conditions can also be the root of non-infectious disorders. The most significant harm to shrimp aquaculture in maritime states has come from viral infections.

White Spot Disease Management in Shrimp (Prawn)

Introduction to White Spot Disease (WSD) in Shrimp(Prawn)

White spot disease (WSD) is a highly contagious viral infection that affects shrimp (prawns) worldwide. The white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) causes the disease, which shows up as small white spots or patches on the shrimp shells of those with it. WSD can spread quickly and kill a lot of shrimp, which can cause shrimp farms to lose a lot of money.

The virus can spread through dirty water, live or dead shrimp infected, and dirty tools. Once a shrimp is infected, the virus quickly copies itself and attacks the immune system, damaging tissues and killing the shrimp. WSD can be stopped by taking strict biosecurity steps, like using disinfectants, taking care of water properly, and putting new stocks in quarantine.

The Pathogen Responsible for Shrimp White Spot Disease (WSD) (Prawn)

White spot disease (WSD) in shrimp is caused by a highly contagious double-stranded DNA virus called white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), also called white-spot virus (WSV) or white-spot syndrome baculovirus (WSSB) complex or systemic ectodermal and mesodermal baculovirus (SEMBV).

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Large Prawns

This virus spreads quickly, attacks the shrimp’s immune system, damages tissues, and kills them. Since there is no specific cure for the disease, strict biosecurity measures are needed to stop it from spreading in shrimp farms.